(Reuters) – John Avildsen, the Oscar-winning director who made Hollywood’s quintessential underdog tale in 1976 boxing saga “Rocky” with a then-unfamiliar Sylvester Stallone, and crafted an additional inspiring tale in “The Karate Kid,” died on Friday at age eighty one, his spouse and children explained.
Avildsen experienced been struggling pancreatic most cancers at Cedars-Sinai Professional medical Centre, his son, Anthony, explained by telephone.
Avildsen won the Academy Award for greatest director for “Rocky” although the film was named greatest picture and other successes integrated the “The Karate Kid” collection in the nineteen eighties. He directed seven actors to Oscar nominations.
In the decades before “Rocky,” Avildsen won praise for two darkish character studies: “Joe” (1970) with Peter Boyle and Susan Sarandon and “Save the Tiger” (1973) starring Jack Lemmon, who won the Academy Award for greatest actor for the job.
He also experienced his share of occupation setbacks, directing some clunkers and remaining fired as director of 1970s classics “Saturday Evening Fever” and “Serpico” simply because of disputes with producers.
“Rocky” proved to be as considerably of an underdog achievements tale as the fictional Philadelphia boxer Rocky Balboa portrayed by Stallone, who wrote the screenplay. Stallone was an obscure actor at the time but stubbornly refused to allow for studios to forged any one but himself in the job. Producers Robert Chartoff and Irwin Winkler consented to permit him acquire the job underneath Avildsen’s steerage.
“Rocky” was made for a modest $1 million and created $225 million in ticket revenue to grew to become a cultural phenomenon, with a collection of unforgettable characters and scenes and a blend of romance with pugilistic motion.
The film facilities on charismatic winner Apollo Creed, played by Carl Weathers, plucking Balboa, recognized as “The Italian Stallion,” from obscurity for a dream shot at the globe heavyweight boxing title.
Rocky, who earns income as a collector for a bank loan shark, falls in really like with the mousy Adrian (Talia Shire), the sister of his miserable close friend Paulie (Burt Young), and gets aid from a gruff coach named Mickey (Burgess Meredith) who lengthy felt Rocky experienced squandered his sizeable probable.
Avildsen took the “Rocky” task only simply because funding fell by for an additional movie he was set to direct.
“My close friend despatched me this (”Rocky”) script and got me to browse it,” Avildsen advised the Birmingham, Alabama, Information in 2000. “And on the third web site, this person is chatting to his turtles, and I was hooked. It was a wonderful character research.”
There were lower anticipations. “It experienced to be performed in 28 days for less than a million bucks, and nobody bothered you simply because there was so minimal income concerned,” Avildsen explained. “There was no anticipation of it remaining anything but on the base bill of a generate-in in East Podunk.”
“Rocky” was nominated for 10 Oscars and won three. In accepting the Oscar for greatest director in March 1977, Avildsen advised the viewers, “I guess what ‘Rocky’ did was give a great deal of folks hope and there was never ever a better emotion than doing that.”
Avildsen’s skilled stumbles integrated tangling with stars John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd on the comedy “Neighbors” (1981), then made the crass male-stripper movie “A Evening in Heaven” (1983).
His following film, “The Karate Kid” in 1984, triumphed with an underdog theme related to “Rocky” as a bullied teenager played by Ralph Macchio overcame the odds with the aid of a smart martial arts grasp, played by Pat Morita. He also directed “Karate Kid” sequels in 1986 and 1989.
Avildsen returned to the “Rocky” franchise to direct the critically panned “Rocky V” (1990) about a protégé who turns on Rocky. Avildsen meant for the Rocky character to die in the film but studio bosses disagreed. “They advised me James Bond does not die. Superman does not die. Rocky does not die,” Avildsen advised Usa Now in 2014. “So Rocky did not die. But the movie died.”
Avildsen also directed Burt Reynolds in the likable caper “W.W. and the Dixie Dancekings” (1975), George C. Scott and Marlon Brando in the thriller “The Formula” (1980), Morgan Freeman in university drama “Lean on Me” (1989) and the apartheid tale “The Electricity of One” (1992).
Avildsen was born on Dec. 21, 1935, in Oak Park, Illinois. Soon after serving in the navy, he made industrial movies for organizations and worked as an assistant to administrators, together with Otto Preminger before directing his first film in 1969, “Turn On to Adore.”
(Additional reporting by Alex Dobuzinskis in Los Angeles Editing by Monthly bill Trott)